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Oral history interview with Arie Kaldenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0124.24 | RG Number: RG-50.028.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Arie Kaldenberg, born in 1917 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, discusses his parents; his siblings; his education and recreational activities; joining the Dutch Hervormde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church) when he was 21 years old; converting to Jehovah's Witnesses in the winter of 1942-1943; resigning his job in ship building and going underground in December 1943; being arrested early 1944 in Schiedam, Netherlands while engaged in a bible study; being interrogated at the Gestapo headquarters and refusing to give the names of other J.W. members; being imprisoned in Rotterdam on the Haagsche Veer, where he was held in solitary confinement for three weeks of his nine week imprisonment; being sent to Vught concentration camp; being marched hundreds of kilometers from a camp near Venlo, Netherlands to Germany; being sent to Sachsenhausen and life there; being assigned to the Waldkommando, which entailed walking through farmland; speaking about the Bible with other inmates; having meetings with other J.W. members; refusing to renounce his faith; being sent to Neuengamme; becoming ill and fainting on the Appellplatz (roll call); being sent near Meppen, Germany, where he worked in another Waldkommando; being transported via cattle car back and forth along the same route for 12 days; being released and sent to a French field camp; the typhus epidemic; being taken to British field hospital to be deloused, fed, and treated; returning home in May 1945; meeting his wife in 1948; his career in scrap metal; his children; and some photographs of his family.

Interviewee
Arie Kaldenberg
Interviewer
Robert Buckley
Date
1991 January 31  (interview)
Language
Dutch
Extent
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..