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Oral history interview with Aloyse Elbisser

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0124.98 | RG Number: RG-50.028.0098

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Aloyse Elbisser, born November 9, 1918 in Romanshorn, Switzerland, recalls the German decision at the end of 1942 to integrate Alsatian soldiers into the German Army and his decision to become a conscientious objector; his baptism as a Jehovah’s Witness in Mulhouse, France in November 1942; his two brothers, one of whom disappeared in 1940 while the other was detained on February 26, 1943 trying to escape to Switzerland; his decision to obey God and not man; reporting for duty, declaring himself an objector, and being transferred to the Mulhouse prison; being deported to Schirmeck forced labor and re-education camp in Alsace; the conditions and treatment of inmates in the camp; falling ill three weeks after his arrival; being transferred to the Gestapo in Strasburg, Germany, where he was asked “Who introduced you to the Truth?” (a question he says was designed to identify other Jehovah’s Witnesses); being sent on a death march towards Dachau in April 1945 as the French crossed the Rhine; being turned over to a Wehrmacht paramilitary organization which had own camps; liberation on April 20, 1945; and his return to France.

Interviewee
Aloyse Elbisser
Interviewer
Robert Buckley
Date
1994 May 17  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (Betacam SP).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:59:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508837