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Oral history interview with Edith Kramer and Friedrich Kramer

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2009.214.37 | RG Number: RG-50.617.0037

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    Oral history interview with Edith Kramer and Friedrich Kramer


    Interview Summary
    Dr. Edith Kramer (née Liebeck), born October 7, 1899 in Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia), describes her family’s background; her childhood and education; her younger brother; studying medicine in Königsberg and Munich; doing an internship in Berlin and meeting her future husband; getting married in 1925; her husband losing his job at Charité Hospital and dying in 1937 of natural causes; keeping up her practice and being asked by German agents to do illegal things; being sent to work as a doctor at a camp in Posen, Germany (now Poznan, Poland) within the quarantine camp for women, Fort Radziwill; working in Antoninek (an area in Poznan); the suicide of her paternal aunt; taking care of prisoners; making daily reports of the three camps; accusations of sabotaging German work leveled against her; her arrest and imprisonment in the Gestapo Prison of Poznan, Berlin-Alexanderplatz Prison, and Theresienstadt; life in the camps; liberation; moving to Switzerland immediately after the war; receiving a permit to go to Australia in 1947; immigrating to Australia in 1948; studying medicine in Sydney; getting married to Friedrich Kramer in Melbourne, Vic. in 1951; visiting Israel; and her life in Australia.
    Friedrich Kramer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) in 1902, discusses his training as a violinist in Vienna, Austria; working for Shell Oil Company; leaving Vienna after the Anschluss and receiving a permit to go to Australia; immigrating to Australia in 1938; being a laborer in Melbourne; playing for the Victoria Symphony Orchestra and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra; and visiting Germany in 1970 and 1981.
    Friedrich Kramer
    Dr. Edith Kramer
    interview:  1982 August 31
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from Sophie Caplan

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    7 CD-ROMs.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Ms. Sophie Caplan
    Sophie Caplan donated her interview with Edith Kramer and Friedrich Kramer to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Oct. 2009. The collection was transferred to the Museum’s Oral History Branch in 2010.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:18:32
    This page:

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