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Oral history interview with Edith Kramer and Friedrich Kramer

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.214.37 | RG Number: RG-50.617.0037

Dr. Edith Kramer (née Liebeck), born October 7, 1899 in Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia), describes her family’s background; her childhood and education; her younger brother; studying medicine in Königsberg and Munich; doing an internship in Berlin and meeting her future husband; getting married in 1925; her husband losing his job at Charité Hospital and dying in 1937 of natural causes; keeping up her practice and being asked by German agents to do illegal things; being sent to work as a doctor at a camp in Posen, Germany (now Poznan, Poland) within the quarantine camp for women, Fort Radziwill; working in Antoninek (an area in Poznan); the suicide of her paternal aunt; taking care of prisoners; making daily reports of the three camps; accusations of sabotaging German work leveled against her; her arrest and imprisonment in the Gestapo Prison of Poznan, Berlin-Alexanderplatz Prison, and Theresienstadt; life in the camps; liberation; moving to Switzerland immediately after the war; receiving a permit to go to Australia in 1947; immigrating to Australia in 1948; studying medicine in Sydney; getting married to Friedrich Kramer in Melbourne, Vic. in 1951; visiting Israel; and her life in Australia.
Friedrich Kramer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic) in 1902, discusses his training as a violinist in Vienna, Austria; working for Shell Oil Company; leaving Vienna after the Anschluss and receiving a permit to go to Australia; immigrating to Australia in 1938; being a laborer in Melbourne; playing for the Victoria Symphony Orchestra and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra; and visiting Germany in 1970 and 1981.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Kramer, Friedrich
Kramer, Dr. Edith
interview:  1982 August 31
Oral histories.
7 CD-ROMs.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from Sophie Caplan
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 10:00:50
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