- The collection documents the Holocaust-era experiences of Estera Horn, originally of Chelm, Poland, who survived World War II as a hidden child. Photographs consist of pre-war and wartime depictions of Estera and various family members including members of the Lindenbaum, Rosenman, and Justman families, her maternal uncles Mendel and Israel LIndenbaum, Sara Lindenbaum, Gitl Rosenman, and relatives in Palestine.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ewa Dziegielewska
- Collection Creator
- Estera Horn
Estera Horn (1937-2001) was born on January 28, 1937 in Chelm, Poland to Benjamin Horn and Perla Lindenbaum Horn. Soon after the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Estera’s father was killed and she and her mother were forced into the Chelm ghetto. During the liquidation of the ghetto in 1942 Perla and Estera escaped. They hid in the nearby villages of Turka and Kamien. Around October 1943 Perla asked the Strus family in Plawanice village to take care of Estera while Perla hid with other Jews in a nearby forest. They were soon discovered and Perla was killed by the Germans.
The Strus family didn’t want to hide Estera, whom was living under the false-identiy of Marysia. In spring 1944 Jozefa Strus met Leokadia Wojtkiewicz at a village Red Cross station, and she agreed to hide Estera. She brought Estera to Warsaw and placed her with her sister Joanna and her husband Karol Kulesza. After the Warsaw uprising in the summer of 1944 the Kulesza family and Estera were deported to a village outside of Warsaw. Estera was sick with scarlet fever and was placed in a convent hospital in Laski. She was transferred from there to Krakow and placed in an orphanage. Mr. and Mrs. Ochlewski adopted her from the orphanage. Leokadia had also wanted to adopt her but thought that the Ochlewski family was better suited to raise Estera.
Estera, then under the name of Maria Ochlewska, earned her PhD in Agriculture from Uniwersytet Jagiellonski. Leokadia continued to be interested in Estera and researched her family. She discovered that Estera’s maternal grandparents were Moshe Lindenbaum and Estera Rosenman Lindenbaum. Estera was then able to locate her only living relative, Abraham Rosenman, in Canada. In 1997 Leokadia Wojtkiewicz, her sister Joana Kulesza, and her brother-in-law Karol Kulesza were recognized as Righteous among Nations by Yad Vashem.
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- The collection was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum by Ewa Dziegielewska on behalf of Estera Horn in 2002.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-06-07 10:36:41
- This page:
Also in Estera Horn family collection
Consists of seven original photographs of Estera Horn and her maternal relatives before the war in Chelm, Kamien, and Krocyn, Poland, and in Palestine during the war; and two gold-colored metal buttons taken from the donor's coat by her rescuer, Leokadia Wojtkiewicz.
The buttons were originally attached to Estera Horn's coat. Leokadia Wojtkiewicz, one of Estera's rescuers, removed the buttons while explaining to Estera that she had to do so for safety reasons because "all Jewish children have buttons like these."