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Rectangular yellow badge with Star of David and Ž kept by hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2002.432.2

Yellow, cloth rectangle printed with a Star of David and the letter Ž for Jew, kept by Teodora (Dorica) Basch while a hidden child from 1941-1945 in Ludbreg, Yugoslavia (now Croatia). The badge belonged to a member of her extended family and was kept in their home during the war. This type of patch was used only from April to June 1941 and was replaced by small metal, or sometimes paper, badges with the Ž. In April 1941, 3-year-old Dorica was visiting her maternal grandparents, Rabbi Leopold and Katerina Deutsch in Ludbreg when Germany and its allies invaded. Yugoslavia was partitioned and Ludbreg was in the newly formed Independent State of Croatia, ruled by the pro-Nazi, fascist Ustaša. Her parents, Salamon and Silva, and her infant brother, Zdravko, were arrested in Zagreb. Their housekeeper was allowed to take Zdravko from jail and he was brought to join Dorica. Salamon was deported to Jasenovac concentration camp and killed after escaping in 1945. Silva was sent to subcamp Stara Gradiška, and likely died in 1942 in Đakovo concentration camp. In 1942, Dorica's grandparents were deported to Jasenovac and murdered. Dorica and Zdranko were left with their maternal aunt, Giza, and her Catholic husband, Ljudevit Vrancic. Ustaša and the Germans worked vigorously to rid Croatia of Jews, but many neighbors helped hide the siblings. In 1943, Ljudevit was arrested. After his release, Giza was denounced as a Jew, sent to Auschwitz, and died soon after arrival. German forces left in April 1945. Most of the children's relatives were killed in concentration and labor camps, and Ljudevit adopted them. Zdranko died of scarlet fever in 1946.

use:  after 1941 April 30-1941 June
use: Ludbreg (Croatia)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodora Klayman
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:54:14
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