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Rectangular yellow badge with Star of David and Ž kept by hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2002.432.2

Yellow cloth rectangle with a Star of David and the letter Ž for Jew kept by Teodora (Dorica) Basch while a hidden child from 1941-1945 in Ludbreg in the former Yugoslavia. This type of patch was used only from April to June 1941 and was replaced by small metal, or sometimes paper, badges with the Ž. Dorica does not know whose badge it was, but it was in her home all during the war. In April 1941, 3 year old Dorica was visiting her maternal grandparents, Rabbi Leopold and Katerina Deutsch in Ludbreg when Germany and its allies invaded. Yugoslavia was partitioned and Ludberg was in the newly formed Independent State of Croatia, ruled by the pro-Nazi fascist Ustasa. Her parents, Salamon and Silva, and her 5 month old brother, Zdravko, were arrested in Zagreb. Their housekeeper was allowed to take Zdravko from jail and he was brought to join Dorica. Salamon was deported to Jasenovac concentration camp and killed after escaping in 1944. Silva was sent to subcamp Stara Gradiska, where she perished. In 1942, Dorica's grandparents were deported to Auschwitz and murdered. Dorica and Zdranko were left with their maternal aunt Giza and her Catholic husband Ljudevit Vrancic. Ustasa and the Germans worked vigorously to rid Croatia of Jews, but many neighbors helped hide the siblings. In 1943, Ljudevit was arrested. After his release, Giza was denounced as a Jew, sent to Auschwitz, and died soon after arrival. German forces left in April 1945. Most of the children's relatives were killed in concentration and labor camps, and Ljudevit adopted them. Zdranko died of scarlet fever in 1946.

use:  approximately 1941 April-1941 May
use: Ludbreg (Croatia)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Theodora Klayman
Record last modified: 2019-12-04 16:12:19
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