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Oral history interview with Avram Avramovic

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.171.10 | RG Number: RG-50.426.0010

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Avram Avramovic, born in Beograd, Yugoslavia (present day Belgrade, Serbia) in 1909, discusses his early family life; the beginnings of war in April 1941 and his mobilization into the army; going to Užice, Yugoslavia (present day Serbia) and returning to Beograd, where he registered as a Jew; being sent to work as a forced laborer, removing bombed out buildings; going through selection processes, where the Jews were lined up and the tenth person was shot; his memories of one Austrian soldier named Egon; taking a train to Beograd and declining an offer to join the partisans; surviving a train track explosion and going to Skopje, Macedonia; being detained by police and sent to Beograd; deciding not to register as a Jew; traveling with his friend, Karic, to Kosovo and Albania bribing border guards along the way; being advised by an Italian commander to leave Shkodër, Albania; sailing on a ship to Split, Croatia, where he lived the Serbian name Alexandric, joined the Split partisans, and was integrated into a partisan unit, the Third Battalion Biokovske Brigade; traveling to Hvar Island and Vis Island, and being given instructions to go to the island of Brač on June 1, 1944; one particular conflict, which involved witnessing an aerial battle between German Messerschmitts and British Spitfires as well as surviving a mortar round because his backpack was protecting his head; liberating Split; being sent to Bilac, Croatia; resting in Hvar; going back to Beograd, where he demobilized himself; working at reunification offices in various locations; being remobilized as an officer in Pirot, Serbia; going to Israel and being in the Israeli Army; immigrating to South America, where he lived in Uruguay and Argentina; his marriage to a Yugoslavian woman; the death of his entire family; and his many name changes.

Interviewee
Avram Avramovic
Date
1996 June  (interview)
Language
Serbian
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:06
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513490