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Eclaireurs Israélites de France badge with Judean lions and tablets

Object | Accession Number: 2003.191.1

Bronze insignia badge of the Eclaireurs Israélites de France, the Jewish division of the Boy Scouts in France. Founded in 1923 to attract boys to Judaism, by the 1930s, EIF was very involved with Zionism. After France surrendered to Germany in June 1940, EIF could operate openly only in unoccupied southern France. EIF ran children's homes which were soon crowded by the children of Jews held in internment camps. In March 1942, when the Germans began large scale deportations of Jews, EIF formed a resistance unit, La Sixieme. They developed a rescue network for Jewish children, placing them in hiding or smuggling them out of the country and providing forged identity papers. EIF is credited with saving several thousand Jews. In the Tarn region, members of an underground fighting EIF unit, Companie Marc-Haguenau, under EIF founder Robert Gamzon, and members of Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France, a Protestant division of the Scouts, under Robert Cook, formed the Maquis de Vabre. Also known as Corps franc de la liberation 10, they joined the French forces of the interior and American commandos to liberate Castres on August 20, 1944, capturing 4500 German soldiers.

Date
1940  (issue)
Geography
issue : Tarn (France)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Object Type
Badges (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alain Morley
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513621