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Enameled Dutch oven used by a Jewish family in a displaced persons camp

Object | Accession Number: 2003.193.3 a-b

Red and brown enameled metal Dutch oven used by Chana and Josef Matlowsky (later Helen and Joseph Matlow) while living at Eggenfelden displaced persons camp in Germany, from 1947 to 1949. In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland and gave the Soviet Union the eastern half, where Chana’s family lived in Zdzieciol (Dziatlava, Belarus). In summer 1941, Germany invaded eastern Poland. In December, Chana’s brother was sent to work in a forced labor camp in Dworzec (Dvarėts (Hrodzenskaia voblasts', Belarus).) In 1942, German authorities ordered all Jews to move into a ghetto in Zdzieciol, killed Chana’s father, and sent her and her mother to Dworzec as forced laborers. In December, Chana and her family escaped and hid in the Lipichanski forest. In summer 1944, the Soviet Army liberated the region and Chana’s family returned to Zdzieciol. Following the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in 1939, Josef’s family left Lida, and went to live with his maternal grandparents in Radun. Following the German occupation in summer 1941, a ghetto was established in Radun. In 1942, German authorities shot one of Josef’s sisters and his grandparents and liquidated the Radun ghetto. Josef’s other sister escaped into the woods, while Josef and his parents were sent to the Lida ghetto, where they were later placed on a transport. In November 1943, Josef escaped and became a partisan. Following liberation in summer 1944, Josef joined the Soviet Army. After the war ended in 1945, Josef and Chana married. In January 1948, their daughter Fruma (later Fran Matlow) was born at Eggenfelden. In 1949, the family immigrated to the United States.

Date
1947 January-1949 May  (use)
Geography
use : Eggenfelden (Displaced persons camp); Eggenfelden (Germany)
Classification
Household Utensils
Category
Cookware
Object Type
Dutch ovens (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helen and Joseph Matlow
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:27:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn513683