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Long underwear worn by a Jewish Polish partisan in the Soviet Army

Object | Accession Number: 2003.193.4

Long underwear pants worn by Josef Matlowsky (later Joseph Matlow), a Jewish partisan, while fighting in the Soviet Army around Lida, Poland (now Belarus), from 1944 to 1945. The pants, possibly made of fustian, would have been issued as part of a winter uniform. In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland and gave the Soviet Union the eastern half, where Josef, his parents, Rubin and Fruma, and his sisters, Edith, Toby and Michla, lived. Following the invasion, his family went to live in Radun, with Josef’s maternal grandparents, Iude and Lachil. In summer 1941, Germany invaded eastern Poland and established a ghetto in Radun. In January 1942, German authorities shot Josef’s sister, Toby. On May 10, the authorities liquidated the Radun ghetto and shot his grandparents. His family hid in the attic and escaped the ghetto that night. His sister, Michla, fled into the woods, and Josef went to the Lida ghetto with his parents, who were later taken away on a transport. In November 1943, Josef escaped and became a partisan fighter. In summer 1944, Josef joined the Soviet Army after being liberated. In May 1945, Germany surrendered. Josef went to Zdzieciol (Dziatlava, Belarus), where he worked for the Soviet police and married Chana Minuskin (later Helen Matlow), a survivor from that town. In January 1948, their daughter, Fruma, was born at Eggenfelden displaced persons camp. In 1949, they immigrated to the United States. Josef’s sister, Edith, and her family were shot in September 1939, and his parents were killed at Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942.

use:  approximately 1944
use: Poland
Clothing and Dress
Men's clothing
Object Type
Long underwear (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Helen and Joseph Matlow
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:16:46
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