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Set of tefillin buried for safekeeping and recovered postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2004.333.1 a-b

Pair of tefillin buried for safekeeping by Marcus and Josef Zamojre while living in hiding in Taglio-di-Po, Italy. The tefillin, which had belonged to Marcus, were recovered by Josef after the war. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers worn by Orthodox Jewish males during morning prayers. In December 1940, Josef and Marcus fled from Frankfurt in Nazi Germany, to Graz on the Austrian-Yugoslav border. After several failed attempts to cross the border, they reached Zagreb in March 1941. In April, Germany invaded Yugoslavia and, in July, Josef and Marcus escaped to Italian occupied Ljubljana. In September 1943, Germany occupied northern Italy and Josef and Marcus went into hiding. In March 1944, they were discovered and deported by the Germans to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. In October, Josef was sent to Auschwitz-Monowitz. In January 1945, Josef escaped a death march and hid in a barn owned by Polish farmers. After the war, he learned that Marcus died in Auschwitz in October 1944. Josef emigrated to the United States in 1947 and married Gisela Eckstein in 1952. Gisela, also from Germany, was a survivor of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Maerzdorf slave labor camp.

recovered:  approximately 1945 May
recovery: buried for safekeeping; Taglio di Po (Italy)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gisela E. Zamora
Record last modified: 2022-08-23 10:18:29
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