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Tefillin storage pouch buried for safekeeping and recovered postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2004.333.2

Tefillin storage bag buried for safekeeping by Marcus and Josef Zamojre while living in hiding in Taglio-di-Po, Italy. The pouch and tefillin, which had belonged to Marcus, were recovered by Josef after the war. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers worn by Orthodox Jewish males during morning prayers. In December 1940, Josef and Marcus fled from Frankfurt in Nazi Germany, to Graz on the Austrian-Yugoslavian border. After several failed attempts to cross the border, they arrived in Zagreb in March 1941. In April, Germany invaded Yugoslavia and, in July, Josef and Marcus escaped to Italian occupied Ljubljana. In September 1943, Germany occupied northern Italy and Josef and Marcus went into hiding. In March 1944, they were discovered and deported by the Germans to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. In October, Josef was sent to Auschwitz-Monowitz. In January 1945, Josef escaped a forced death march and hid in a barn owned by Polish farmers. After the war, he learned that Marcus died in Auschwitz in October 1944. Josef emigrated to the United States in 1947 and married Gisela Eckstein in 1952. Gisela, also from Germany, was a survivor of the Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Maerzdorf slave labor camp.

Date
approximately 1945 May  (recovered)
Geography
recovery : buried for safekeeping; Taglio di Po (Italy)
Language
Hebrew
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin bags (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Gisela E. Zamora
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:21:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn515328