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Antiaircraft shell fragments found after an air raid on Bordeaux by a young Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2005.379.10 a-b

Shell fragments recovered by 12 year old Joseph Schadur in their yard in Bruges, France, during his family's flight from Nazi-dominated Europe. Joseph scratched the date on the fragment himself. The Germans stationed several anti-aircraft batteries in Bruges, a small village near Bordeaux, which was a frequent RAF bombing target because of the port installations.The shells were fired from German guns at British bomber planes over Bordeaux on November 23, 1940. Joseph's father, Michel, left Germany in 1935 because the Nazi government's anti-Jewish policies were making it dangerous to live there. His wife, Manja, their 2 children, Joseph and his 4 year old sister, Benita, and his mother joined him in Antwerp, Belgium, in January 1936. After the Germans occupied Belgium in May 1940, the family was forced to flee once more. Traveling by private car, they eventually made their way to Lisbon, Portugal. They sailed for New York on board the SS Exeter on February 21, 1941.

found:  1940 November 23
emigration:  1941 February 21
found: Bruges (Gironde, France)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Shadur
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:22
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