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Dip-pen wiper made for a young Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany

Object | Accession Number: 2005.379.15

Pen cleaning pad made for 11 year old Joseph Schadur by Madame Thorel, the matron of Home Diliges, a vacation boarding house for children in Oostduinkerke, Belgium, where he and his sister stayed during the summer of 1938. Joseph's father, Michel, left Germany in 1935 because the Nazi government's anti-Jewish policies were making it dangerous to live there. His wife, Manja, their 2 children, Joseph and his 4 year old sister, Benita, and his mother joined him in Antwerp, Belgium, in January 1936. After the Germans occupied Belgium in May 1940, the family was forced to flee once more. Traveling by private car, they eventually made their way to Lisbon, Portugal. They sailed for New York on board the SS Exeter on February 21, 1941.

received:  1938 August
emigration:  1941 February 21
received: Home Diliges; Oostduinkerke (Belgium)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Shadur
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:22:44
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