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Rittershausen fur sewing machine brought with an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2006.511.1 a-d

Rittershausen furrier’s sewing machine and table brought with master furrier Isidor Muschel, his wife, Ida, and their daughter, Dorit, when they left Vienna, Austria, for the United States in 1938. This durable sewing machine was designed to join several heavy animal pelts into a garment using thick, treated thread and a heavy duty, horizontal needle. On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria. New legislation was created that quickly restricted Jewish life. Not long after, Isidor was publically humiliated in the street and later, he was arrested and taken to the train station where he escaped before he was deported. Ida’s mother, Rosa Rubel, helped Isidor, Ida, and their newborn daughter, Dorit, find an American to sponsor their immigration by writing to Myro Glass, a young man whom she had helped years before. He lived in Indianapolis, Indiana, and secured sponsorship for the Muschel family from the president of the Indiana Fur Company. Ida, a Romanian citizen, managed to avoid the German emigration quota for foreigners by pretending to be Dorit’s nanny. In October 1938, the family missed their scheduled train to the Netherlands, and later learned that everyone on that train had been shot by Nazis. On October 29, the Muschel family boarded the SS Pennland in Vlissingen, Netherlands. In November, they arrived in New York City, where they boarded a train to Indianapolis. Ida’s mother, Rosa, immigrated to the US, and in 1939 and 1940, Isidor helped his brothers Lazar, Edmund, Wilhelm, and Josef do the same. Isidor’s family settled in Indianapolis.

Date
1911-1938  (manufacture)
approximately 1924-1996  (use)
Geography
manufacture : Berlin (Germany)
distribution : Vienna (Austria)
use : Vienna (Austria)
use : Indianapolis (Ind.)
Language
German
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Doris Muschel Schwartz, in memory of her parents, Isidor and Ida Muschel
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Record last modified: 2017-11-21 11:59:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn519158