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Schulder and Sons furrier’s knife brought with an Austrian Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2006.511.3

Angled, Schulder and Sons fur knife brought with Isidor Muschel, his wife, Ida, and their daughter, Dorit, when they left Vienna, Austria, for the United States in 1938. Isidor, a master furrier, used this tool with replaceable blade to cut sections of tough animal fur and hide for use in handcrafted garments. On March 13, 1938, Germany annexed Austria. New legislation was created that quickly restricted Jewish life. Not long after, Isidor was publically humiliated in the street and later, he was arrested and taken to the train station where he escaped before he was deported. Ida’s mother, Rosa Rubel, helped Isidor, Ida, and their newborn daughter, Dorit, find an American to sponsor their immigration by writing to Myro Glass, a young man whom she had helped years before. He lived in Indianapolis, Indiana, and secured sponsorship for the Muschel family from the president of the Indiana Fur Company. Ida, a Romanian citizen, managed to avoid the German emigration quota for foreigners by pretending to be Dorit’s nanny. In October 1938, the family missed their scheduled train to the Netherlands, and later learned that everyone on that train had been shot by Nazis. On October 29, the Muschel family boarded the SS Pennland in Vlissingen, Netherlands. In November, they arrived in New York City, where they boarded a train to Indianapolis. Ida’s mother, Rosa, immigrated to the US, and in 1939 and 1940, Isidor helped his brothers, Lazar, Edmund, Wilhelm, and Josef do the same. Isidor’s family settled in Indianapolis.

Date
approximately 1924-1996  (use)
Geography
manufacture : United States
use : Vienna (Austria)
use : Indianapolis (Ind.)
Language
English
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Category
Cutting tools
Object Type
Knives (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Doris Muschel Schwartz, in memory of her parents, Isidor and Ida Muschel
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Record last modified: 2018-09-27 15:58:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn562195