Henry Schmelzer papers
The papers are related to Henry Schmelzer's journey from Austria to England via Kindertransport in 1938 and his stay in England during World War II
Record last modified: 2017-09-12 11:51:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521424
Also in Henry Schmelzer collection
The collection consists of an identification tag and documents relating to the experiences of Henry Schmelzer who was sent from Austria to Great Britain on a Kindertransport in 1938.
Identification tag with numbers on both sides issued to Henry Schmelzer, 14, who, in 1938, was sent from Austria to Great Britain on a Kindertransport. Nazi Germany annexed Austria in March 1938 and policies that persecuted the Jewish population were immediately put in place. Henry graduated from a Jewish high school a few months later, shortly before it was forced to close. His older brothers fled Europe. Their home was raided by the Gestapo and then they were evicted by the German authorities. After the vicious Kristallnacht pogrom in early November, his parents sent Henry to England on December 18, 1938. He found refuge at a children's camp, and later lived with a group of young Zionists. A few years later, when he came of age, Henry joined the Royal Air Force and became a fighter pilot.