Henry Schmelzer papers
The papers are related to Henry Schmelzer's journey from Austria to England via Kindertransport in 1938 and his stay in England during World War II.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Henry Schmelzer
Record last modified: 2020-09-24 12:30:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn521424
Also in Henry Schmelzer collection
The collection consists of an identification tag and documents relating to the experiences of Henry Schmelzer who was sent from Austria to Great Britain on a Kindertransport in 1938.
Identification tag issued to 14 year-old Henry (Heinrich) Schmelzer in December 1938, for his emigration from Vienna, Austria, to England aboard a kindertransport. He was among 150 children who were taken to an estate in Scotland, which was leased to the Whittingehame Farm School, a combination boarding school and Zionist training center for eventual immigration to Palestine. In 1940, after two years at Whittingehame, Henry was interned for three months as an enemy alien. After his release, Henry worked various jobs and moved around Britain multiple times. In August 1943, when enemy aliens were allowed to enlist in combat units, Henry volunteered. Using the pseudonym of Henry Scott, he trained with a mountain unit of the Royal Scots, but a health condition prevented him from deploying. Henry remained in Britain and became a staff sergeant interpreter, debriefing Nazis and German prisoners of war. In 1950, he reunited with his family, most of whom had immigrated to the United States. Henry emigrated from England to Israel in 1953 and married his wife, Francine, in 1959. The couple had one daughter before immigrating to the United States in 1969, where he joined the rest of his family and obtained a doctorate.