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Leo Haas drawing of concentration camp inmates witnessing a hanging

Object | Accession Number: 2002.490.1

Ink and wash drawing by Leo Haas of Mauthausen concentration camp inmates being marched past a hanging. Haas, a Czech Jewish artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in German occupied Poland, returned in April 1940, and assigned to forced labor. In August 1942, he was arrested for smuggling and, with his family, sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. He and a few other artists secretly documented the horrendous conditions of camp life. In summer 1944, they were accused of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp and jailed and tortured in the Small Fortress. In October, Haas and Bedrich Fritta were deported to Auschwitz, where Fritta soon died. A month later, Haas was sent to Sachsenhausen to work in the counterfeiting unit. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee where he was liberated on May 6 by US troops.

Artwork Title
Abschreckung, Mauthausen, 1945
Alternate Title
Deterrence, Mauthausen, 1945
depiction:  approximately 1945 February
depiction: Mauthausen (Concentration Camp); Mauthausen (Austria)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fun
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 16:25:42
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