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Leo Haas cartoon of a skeletal Nazi setting the word Lidice on fire

Object | Accession Number: 2002.490.7

Illustration protesting the German destruction of Lidice created by Leo Haas. It depicts a skeletal Hitler in an SS uniform setting fire to the word Lidice on a map of Czechoslovakia. It may have been done after the war for Eulenspeigel, a satirical magazine in Berlin, East Germany, where Haas was the cartoon editor. In June 1942, in retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, acting Protector of German annexed Czech territory, Nazi Germany shot the male residents of the town of Lidice, sent the women and children to concentration camps, and burned the village to the ground. Leo Haas, 38, a Czech Jew and a professional artist, was arrested in 1939 in Ostrava in German occupied Czechoslovakia for being a Communist. He was deported to Nisko labor camp in Poland, then shipped back to Ostrava to do forced labor. In September 1942, he was sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where he became part of a tight knit group of artists determined to secretly document the conditions of daily life in the camp. In summer of 1944, they were accused by the Gestapo of smuggling their 'gruesome' work out of the camp. Haas was arrested and tortured. In October, he was deported to Auschwitz, and a month later, to Sachsenhausen. In February 1945, he was transported to Mauthausen and then Ebensee. He was liberated there on May 4-5 by US troops.

Artwork Title
Neue Wehrmacht : Lidice von 1942?
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, The Abraham and Ruth Goldfarb Family Acquisition Fun
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:11:48
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