- The Ruth Wiener Klemens papers consist of biographical materials, registration correspondence and forms, and a Westerbork map and bath ticket documenting the status of the Wiener family from Berlin in Amsterdam, their deportation to Westerbork, and their transfer to Bergen‐Belsen.
Biographical materials include identification cards, passes, notices, receipts, and a prescription documenting the Wiener family’s status in Amsterdam, their confinement at Westerbork, Ruth’s work harvesting potatoes and in the laundry, her sisters’ health, and their transfer to Bergen‐Belsen.
Registration correspondence and forms include a registration form and instructions from the Jewish Council of Amsterdam, a notice from the Amsterdam Central Administration for Jewish Immigration for the Wiener family to make an appearance in order to protect themselves from forced labor camps, a letter from Erich August Paul Puttkammer that the Wieners had paid to be spared from deportation (a protective document with no actual value), and a receipt from the city of Amsterdam confirming that the Wieners were properly registered.
The map of Westerbork was hand‐drawn and labeled in Dutch by Ruth Wiener. The bath ticket is an example of the bath passes issued to Westerbork inmates allowing them periodic baths.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Klemens
- Collection Creator
- Ruth Klemens
Ruth Klemens (1927-2011) was born in Berlin to Alfred Wiener (b. 1885) and Margarethe Wiener (nee Saulmann, 1895-1945). They moved to Amsterdam in 1934 with her grandmother, Amalia Wiener. Around 1938 Alfred moved to London, and he relocated to the United States before Pearl Harbor. Ruth was deported to Westerbork with her mother and sisters, Eva and Mirjam, in June 1943. They were transferred to Bergen-Belsen in January 1944. They left in January 1945 for Switzerland as part of a prisoner exchange based on Paraguayan passports her father had purchased for them. Her mother died upon arrival in Switzerland, and Ruth and her sisters were transferred to Marseilles, where they were put on a boat to the United States in February 1945.
- System of Arrangement
- The Ruth Klemens papers are arranged as three series: I. Biographical materials, 1941-1944, II. Registration correspondence and forms, approximately 1942-1943, III. Westerbork map and bath ticket, approximately 1943-1944
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Holder of Originals
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Ruth Klemens donated the Ruth Wiener Klemens papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1988.
- Record last modified:
- 2023-02-24 14:21:20
- This page:
Also in Ruth Wiener Klemens collection
The collection relates to the life of Ruth Wiener Klemens, her mother, Margarete Wiener, and her sisters, Mirjam and Eva Wiener, during their time at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany and Westerbork concentration camp in the Netherlands.
The pin was made by a friend and given to Ruth Wiener as a birthday gift at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.
The belt was created by Ruth Wiener from leather scraps found in her workplace in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
The bouquet was created by Ruth Wiener from leather scraps found in her workplace in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
The pin was created by Ruth Wiener from leather scraps found in her workplace in Westerbork concentration camp.