Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Federal Republic of Germany bank note, 5 pfennig, acquired by a Polish Jewish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1990.31.8

West German funf (5) pfennig note acquired by Henry Tovey. The currency was issued beginning in 1948 for use in the newly created Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). After Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939, Henry was confined to the ghetto on Łódź, renamed Litzmannstadt. The Germans closed the ghetto in summer 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers. Henry later married Bella Jacubowicz, who was from Sosnowiec, Poland. Bella, her parents, and her three younger siblings were forced into the ghetto. At the end of 1942, the family was sent to the ghetto in Bedzin. In 1943, Bella was deported to Graben, a subcamp of Gross-Rosen concentration camp in Germany. In 1944, she was sent to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She was liberated in April 1945 by British forces. Bella emigrated to the United States in 1946.

issue:  1948-1960
issue: Germany (West)
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Bella Jakubowicz Tovey
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:46:01
This page: