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Wrist watch with a brown band and engraved initials saved from Vilna ghetto

Object | Accession Number: 2005.198.2

Wrist watch with a brown band owned by Tema Ginzburg that originally belonged to her uncle, Benjamin Ginzburg. Before the family was imprisoned in the Jewish ghetto in Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania, he altered it from a pocket watch to a wrist watch to make it easier to keep in the ghetto. During the liquidation of one of two ghettos in October 1941, Benjamin was deported to Estonia, then Stutthof concentration camp, where he was killed. He gave the watch to his brother, Moise, Tema's father, before leaving. Moise wore the watch for a while; he was deported to Chelmno concentration camp and killed in 1943. At some point, the watch was given to Tema. The Ginzburg family were prosperous merchants in Vilna, Lithuania, who experienced increasingly severe persecution as Jews through the Soviet annexation in 1940 and the German occupation in the summer of 1941. Over 7000 Jews were massacred by the Germans and the Lithuanians in the Ponary forest near Vilna that summer, including Tema's grandmother and uncle. In 1943, the Germans liquidated the Vilna ghettos. Tema's mother and father were deported and killed. Nineteen year old Tema escaped and was sheltered throughout the war by a friend of her mother's, a Polish woman, Josefa Mackiewicz. In 1953, she learned by chance that her twin sister had survived the Holocaust and was living in the United States.

use:  1941 September-1943 September
use: Vilna ghetto (Poland) (historic); Vilnius (Lithuania)
Object Type
Wrist watches (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of George de Ratafia
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:56:34
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