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Drawing of woman scrubbing floor given to German Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2003.361.15

Color drawing of a woman washing the floor given to Hildegard Henschel while she and her husband Moritz were imprisoned in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp from June 1943-May 1945. Moritz was an influential lawyer in Berlin when Hitler came to power in Germany in January 1933. As government persecution of Jews intensified, Moritz and Hildegard sent their daughters Marianne, 15, to Palestine and Lilly, 13, to England in 1939. Moritz was on the board of the Reich Association of Jews in Germany, created by the Nazi government in February 1939 to organize Jewish affairs. The Association was eventually forced to assist with deportations. In 1940, Moritz became president of the Berlin Jewish Community. In January 1943, Moritz became president of the Reich Association, when Leo Baeck was deported. On June 10, 1943, the Reich Association was shut down and Moritz and Hildegard were deported to Theresienstadt. Moritz was elected to the Jewish Council and put in charge of the Freizeitgestaltung, which produced cultural events and materials. On May 9, 1945, the camp was liberated by Soviet forces. Moritz and Hildegard went to Deggendorf displaced persons camp, then emigrated to Palestine in 1946.

Artwork Title
Woman in blue dress scrubbing a floor, Theresienstadt
Date
1943 June-1945 May  (received)
Geography
received : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yoel Givol and Michal Lilli Kahani, in memory of their grandparents, Hildegard and Moritz Henschel
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:08:59
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn523080