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Armband stamped Jewish Police Schwandorf acquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2009.401.3

Schwandorf Jewish police armband acquired by Joseph W. Eaton, 26, presumably after the war in Schwandorf displaced persons camp in Germany. Joseph had lived in the United States since November 1934 when his parents sent him away from Berlin, Germany. After joining the Army in 1942, he was trained in military government and psychological warfare at Camp Ritchie. He entered combat six weeks after D-Day, June 4, 1944, as part of the 4th Mobile Broadcasting Unit, Allied Headquarters. He was part of a handpicked Press and Publications Unit responsible for radio and print propaganda for German troops and civilians to break morale and encourage surrender. He interviewed prisoners of war and reported on liberated concentration camps and German towns. Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945, and Joseph's unit convinced General Eisenhower of the need to establish a free press throughout Germany. Joseph was editor of the weekly paper in Straubing, providing local news on practical issues like rationing, as well as stories on conditions in liberated concentration camps, DP camps, and the situation of Jewish refugees who did not want repatriated to their native lands. Joseph’s parents, Jacob and Flora, were murdered in Sobibor killing center and his maternal grandmother, Cilli Goldschmidt, died of starvation in Theresienstadt.

Date
1945 May-1945 September  (received)
Geography
received : Schwandorf (Displaced persons camp); Schwandorf (Germany)
Language
English
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph W. Eaton
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn531031