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Michael J. Kraus papers

Document | Accession Number: 1995.A.1067.1

The Michael J. Kraus papers contain documents and diaries concerning Kraus’s experiences as a child survivor of the Holocaust. Selected by Dr. Josef Mengele as one of the "Birkenau Boys," Kraus was interned at Theresienstadt, Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Mauthausen before being liberated in 1945. Included in his collection are records pertaining to his parent’s property and assets and letters his parents wrote from the concentration camps. Among the post-war material is correspondence between Michael and his liberators, a diary describing his memories from the war written between 1945 and 1947, and a memoir written after a journey back to Austria in 1994, among other materials.

The Michael J. Kraus papers contain diaries and papers collected by Kraus during and after World War II. Papers from the wartime period include his parent’s property lists, receipts, and financial information. Also included is postcard sent by Karel from Auschwitz in 1944 and a letter sent by Lotte to her sister in 1945 under a false impression that she had survived. Documents from the immediate post-war period include a series of correspondence exchanged between United States liberators and medical personnel and Michael between 1945 and 1947. Michael met the correspondents in 1945 when they rescued him and treated him for typhoid. A scrapbook with notes and various post-war identification documents pasted in in also included here within. The diaries comprised in this collection were written and illustrated by Michael in Nàchod, Czechoslovakia between 1945 and 1947 and describe his memories of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and of the Holocaust. A short memoir written by Michael titled “Austria Revisited – Fifty Years Later” is also included among these materials and recounts Michael’s visit to the concentration camps in which he was interned with his family in 1994.

Date
inclusive:  1937-1994
bulk:  1945-1947
Language
Czech
English
German
Extent
1 box
1 oversize box
17 folders
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael J. Kraus
 
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 15:01:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn535243