Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 100 kronen note, owned by a child inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2006.51.3

Theresienstadt 100 kronen receipt that belonged to Michal Kraus, who at age 12 was interned with his parents Dr. Karel and Lotte Kraus in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp from December 1942-December 1943. They were then deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp and placed in the family camp. In June 1944, his mother was sent to Stutthof. When the family camp was closed in July, his father was ill and was murdered in the gas chamber on July 11. Michal was one of ninety boys selected by Dr. Josef Mengele to live at a neighboring men's camp. In January 1945, as Soviet forces approached, Michal and the others were sent on a death march and then taken by train to Mauthausen, then to Melk, then back to Mauthausen. On April 28, they were sent on a 40 mile death march To Gunskirchen where they were liberated by American troops of the 71st Infantry. Michal was ill with typhus and after several weeks in hospital returned to Czechoslovakia. Of Michal's large extended family, only an aunt and one cousin survived.

issue:  1943 May-1945 April
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael J. Kraus
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:28:47
This page: