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Embroidered apron made for a young Austrian Jewish refugee before her emigration

Object | Accession Number: 2016.112.6

Handmade white embroidered apron with a floral design sewn for Herta Griffel by her mother Beila, in Vienna, Austria before Herta’s emigration in 1940. Herta was a young girl living in Vienna, Austria, with her parents, Wolf and Beila Nagel Griffel when Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss on March 13, 1938. German authorities quickly created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. On November 9-10, during the Kristallnacht pogrom, Wolf and Beila’s grocery store was taken from them and Wolf was forced into compulsory labor. Every morning a truck took him and the other men in the neighborhood to a labor camp, and then brought them home at night. The forced labor complicated Wolf’s existing health issues and one day after coming home, he died. After Kristallnacht, Beila arranged for Herta to immigrate to the United States through the German Jewish Children’s Aid Society. On November 23, 1940, Herta left Vienna with eight other children and a chaperone, and arrived in Jersey City, New Jersey, on December 23. Herta lived with the Baer family for six months and then was placed with the Friedlander family until adulthood. On September 14, 1942, Herta’s mother, Beila was deported from Vienna to Maly Trostinec concentration camp in Belorussia where she was murdered on September 18.

emigration:  1940 November 23
creation: Vienna (Austria)
en route: Lisbon (Portugal)
use: Baltimore (Md.)
Dress Accessories
Protective wear
Object Type
Aprons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Herta Griffel Baitch, in memory of her parents, Wolf Griffel and Beila Bertha Nagel Griffel
Record last modified: 2023-03-02 08:30:12
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