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Gebete der Israeliten

Object | Accession Number: 2016.112.7 a-c

Jewish Siddur given to Herta Griffel by her teacher Gertrud Winter in 1940 before Herta’s emigration from Austria. Herta was a young girl living in Vienna, Austria with her parents, Wolf and Beila Nagel Griffel when Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss on March 13, 1938. German authorities quickly created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. On November 9 -10, during the Kristallnacht pogrom, Wolf and Beila’s grocery store was taken from them and Wolf was forced into compulsory labor. Every morning a truck took him and the other men in the neighborhood to a labor camp, and then brought them home at night. The forced labor complicated Wolf’s existing health issues and one day after coming home, he died. After Kristallnacht, Beila arranged for Herta to immigrate to the United States through the German Jewish Children’s Aid Society. On November 23, 1940 Herta left Vienna with eight other children and a chaperone and arrived in Jersey City, New Jersey, on December 23. Herta lived with the Baer family for six months, and then was placed with the Friedlander family until adulthood. On September 14, 1942, Herta’s mother Beila was deported from Vienna to Maly Trostinec concentration camp in Belorussia where she was murdered on September 18. Gertrud was deported from Vienna to Theresienstadt ghetto labor camp in German occupied Czechoslovakia, on September 24, 1942. On October 23, 1944, she was deported to Auschwitz Birkenau killing center in German occupied Poland, where she was murdered upon arrival.

Alternate Title
Tefilot Yiśraʼel
Prayers of the Israelites
publication/distribution:  1867
publication: Bratislava (Slovakia)
en route: Lisbon (Portugal)
use: Baltimore (Md.)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Herta Griffel Baitch, in memory of her parents, Wolf Griffel and Beila Bertha Nagel Griffel
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:01:50
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