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Royal Fusiliers cap badge worn by a British soldier and Kindertransport refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2016.203.8

Royal Fusiliers cap badge worn by Norman Miller (previously Norbert Müller), a German Jewish refugee, during his service in the British Army from 1944 to 1947. On November 9, 1938, during Kristallnacht in Nuremberg, Germany, the apartment Norbert shared with his parents, Sebald and Laura, younger sister, Suse, and grandmother, Clara Jüngster, was ransacked by local men with axes. In late August 1939, Norbert, managed to leave Germany for London, with a Kindertransport [Children's Transport] two days prior to the start of World War II. Norbert was able to exchange letters with his family until communications ceased in May 1941. In 1944, Norbert enlisted in the British army and changed his name. In early 1945, his unit was deployed to Belgium. The Royal Fusiliers, named for the flintlock muskets they were originally equipped with, were designated the City of London Regiment in the 1800s. The unit insignia was a fused or flaming grenade bearing a Tudor rose, Victorian crown, and a garter with the Order of the Garter motto. When Germany surrendered on May 7, his unit was serving occupational duty in Hamburg. After the war, Norman learned that his family had been deported in November 1941, to Riga, Latvia and interned in Jungfernhof concentration camp where they fell ill with typhus and were killed in a mass execution on March 26, 1942. Norman eventually immigrated to the United States and became a citizen in 1955. He married a fellow German, Jewish emigrant, Ingeborg Sommer and they had two sons.

Date
1944-1945  (use)
Geography
use : Belgium
use : Germany
Language
French
Classification
Military Insignia
Category
Badges
Object Type
Badges (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norman A. Miller
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Record last modified: 2018-04-23 12:36:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn548006