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Single tefillin with covers and pouch owned by a British soldier and Kindertransport refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2016.203.15 a-c

Single tefillin with covers and a navy blue velvet storage pouch owned by Norbert Müller (later Norman Miller) a 15 year old German Jewish refugee who came to London, England in September 1939. Tefillin are small boxes containing prayers attached to leather straps and worn on the arm and the head by Orthodox Jewish males during morning prayers. On November 9, 1938, during Kristallnacht in Nuremberg, Germany, the apartment Norbert shared with his parents, Sebald and Laura, younger sister, Suse, and grandmother, Clara Jüngster, was ransacked by local men with axes. In late August 1939, Norbert, managed to leave Germany for London, with a Kindertransport [Children's Transport] two days prior to the start of World War II. Norbert was able to exchange letters with his family until communications ceased in May 1941. In 1944, Norbert enlisted in the British army and changed his name. In early 1945, his unit was deployed to Belgium. When Germany surrendered on May 7, his unit was serving occupational duty in Hamburg. After the war, Norman learned that his family had been deported in November 1941, to Riga, Latvia and interned in Jungfernhof concentration camp where they fell ill with typhus and were killed in a mass execution on March 26, 1942. Norman eventually immigrated to the United States and became a citizen in 1955. He married a fellow German, Jewish emigrant, Ingeborg Sommer and they had two sons.

Date
after 1937 April  (use)
Geography
use : Germany
use : United States
Language
Hebrew
Classification
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Tefillin (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norman A. Miller
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Record last modified: 2018-07-06 08:45:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn555437