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Hanukkah menorah with rearing lions used by a Polish German survivor

Object | Accession Number: 2014.557.2

Hanukiyah with rearing lions owned by holocaust survivor Herman Fayman. The 9-branched candelabrum is a hanukiyah or Hannukah lamp. A lamp is designed to hold eight candles for the eight nights of Hanukkah; the ninth candle is the Shamash [attendant] that is used to light the other candles. Traditionally, a menorah refers only to the original 7-branched lamp that stayed lit in the Temple. Herman was born in Pelizza (likely Pilica), Poland, in 1906. In September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland, Herman was serving in the Polish army when he was captured as a prisoner of war (POW). Herman was interned in a POW camp in Biała Podlaska, and then sent to the town of Sosnowitz (now Sosnowiec). He was transferred to Auschwitz concentration camp in March, 1941. After five months, he was sent to Kattowitz (now Katowice). Between 1942 until 1944, Herman was held in three forced labors camps: one in Faulbrück, (now Mościsko), one in Landeshut (now Kamienna Góra), and one in Annaberg, Germany (now, Góra Swietej Anny, Poland). In the late spring or early summer of 1944, Herman was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. On September 30, Herman was transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, and then to one of its subcamps, Niederorschel, on October 30. In the spring of 1945, Herman escaped and went into hiding until American forces liberated the area. On February 21, 1947, Herman immigrated to the United States.

manufacture:  1900-1933
manufacture: United States
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Object Type
Hanukkah lamp (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anna Krosnecki
Record last modified: 2022-05-24 08:01:34
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