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Concentration camp uniform cap worn by a Polish Jewish prisoner who was in several camps

Object | Accession Number: 2014.557.5

Striped uniform cap worn by Herman Fayman while he was a prisoner at Buchenwald concentration camp and its subcamp, Niederorschel forced labor camp in Germany, from September 1944 to spring 1945. Herman was born in Pelizza (likely Pilica), Poland, in 1906. In September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland, Herman was serving in the Polish army when he was captured as a prisoner of war (POW). Herman was interned in a POW camp in Biała Podlaska, and then sent to the town of Sosnowitz (now Sosnowiec). He was transferred to Auschwitz concentration camp in March, 1941. After five months, he was sent to Kattowitz (now Katowice). Between 1942 until 1944, Herman was held in three forced labors camps: one in Faulbrück, (now Mościsko), one in Landeshut (now Kamienna Góra), and one in Annaberg, Germany (now, Góra Swietej Anny, Poland). In the late spring or early summer of 1944, Herman was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. On September 30, Herman was transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany, and then to one of its subcamps, Niederorschel, on October 30. In the spring of 1945, Herman escaped and went into hiding until American forces liberated the area. On February 21, 1947, Herman immigrated to the United States.

use:  1944 September-1945 April
use: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
use: Niederorschel (Concentration camp); Niederorschel (Germany)
Clothing and Dress
Prison uniforms.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anna Krosnecki
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:16
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