Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Victor Bienstock papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.499.1

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Victor Bienstock papers

    Please select from the following options:


    The Victor Bienstock papers document the pre-war and wartime work of journalist Victor Bienstock, as he served as an overseas correspondent for the Overseas News Agency, a subsidiary of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. The collection contains materials relating to the on-the-ground coverage of wartime events from various locations (London, Cairo, Rome, and France) during World War II, with a particular focus on stories related to Palestine, refugees, and the fate of Jews in Nazi occupied lands. The Victor Bienstock papers contains travel materials; ephemera; correspondence; diaries; an unpublished memoir; drafts of speeches and news articles; wire reports and dispatches; newspaper clippings; and photographs with captions, relating to Bienstock’s wartime travel and reporting.

    The first series in the Victor Bienston papers, travel documents, 1941-1946, includes four applications for “Permit of Local Board for Registrant to Depart from the United States” and Victor Bienstock’s formal agreement with the U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East which includes a photograph of Bienstock, October 20, 1943.

    The second series, financial materials, 1943, includes a steamship passenger ticket and a telegram receipt, 1943.

    The third series, diaries, notebooks, and day calendars, 1938-1946, include Victor Bienstock’s typed and handwritten diaries, day planners, notebooks, and essay-like “logs” which highlight his experiences as a journalist in England and Europe during World War II. The diaries also shed light on Bienstock’s daily and personal life in wartime England.
    The December 5-30, 1938 typed diary includes notes on conversations with various people and officials regarding refugees and Jews in Europe.

    The typed 1939 diary focuses on topics such as the immigration, refugees, Jews in Europe, Zionism, American and English diplomatic relations, Joseph P. Kennedy’s attitudes toward the Jewish people, difficulties with censorship, London air raids, gas masks, Nazi propaganda, and listening to BBC radio broadcasts. Specific events mentioned include the London Conference of 1939 regarding Palestine, bombings conducted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA), and the declaration of war. The diary also highlights conversations Bienstock held with various diplomats, journalists, and representatives of Jewish aid societies.

    Similarly, the typed diary from January-May 1940 focuses on conversations Bienstock held with various diplomats, journalists, and representatives of Jewish aid societies, as well as topics such as Palestine, refugees, Jewish immigration, Zionism, critiques of journalists’ coverage of the war, the Nazi occupation of Poland, and Nazi military advances.

    The Cairo, Egypt Diary, September 5 - November 30, 1939 is handwritten and includes notes on various people in town as well as troop movements and the military advancements in Europe.

    The fragments of a log book include pieces relating to the flight from England to Lisbon, December 1940; the publication of Ambassador William Edward Dodd’s dairy, March 1941; an untitled pieces written in New York, April 15, 1941; and a trip from Europe to the United State describing activities on the ship, December 1941.

    The fourth series, correspondence, 1938-1945, largely contains telegrams relating to Victor Biensock’s experiences and work oversees. The majority of the correspondence is between Bienstock and Jacob Landau (founder of the JTA) or Hyman Wishengrad (co-founder of the ONA).

    The fifth series, manuscripts, 1938-1975 is divided into three subseries, speeches, 1938-1975;
    memoir, circa 1941-1945; and dispatches and wire reports, 1937-1955.

    The speeches, written by Bienstock prior to and during 1942 relate to his impressions of the wartime world, particularly his observations of London and Lisbon, while the 1945 and post-1945 speeches relate to post-war challenges. The speeches include: “Report on England,” February 1941, with draft titled “London Under Fire,” January 1941; untitled speech, February 20, 1941; untitled speech given at the United Jewish Appeal Dinners Harmonie Club, May 19, 1942; untitled speech given at the Dress Industry Dinner, September 2, 1942; untitled speech given at the American ORT Luncheon, May 7, 1945; untitled speech given at the Yale Club Luncheon, May 24, 1945, 5 copies; untitled speech given at the Menorah Dinner, November 27, 1945; untitled speech given at the Temple Rodeph Sholem, December 2, 1945; “Broadcast draft,” 1948; “Outline of VMB report to meeting of South African Zionist Federation Executive,” December 14, 1948; and “The Year in Great Britain,” written by Alvin Hollander, 1938.
    inclusive:  1935-1984
    bulk:  1938-1945
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Susan Bienstock Burke
    Collection Creator
    Victor Bienstock
    Victor Bienstock was born on May 21, 1908 in Hartford, Connecticut. He began his career as a reporter in 1929, joining The New York World, then the New York Herald Tribune. He became managing editor of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) from 1933-1935, then served as the JTA's chief foreign service editor in London. In England, he met and married Rebecca Kosiner. The couple had two daughters, Marion and Susan. In 1940, the Bienstock family returned to the United States, where Victor became chief foreign editor of the Overseas News Agency (ONA), a JTA subsidiary. He spent the next five years overseas as a war correspondent, reporting behind the front lines of the Allied Armies from London, Cairo, Italy, and Rome. Since then, he worked for a Jewish press, where he was especially atuned to stories about Nazi atrocities against Jews. He remained with the ONA until 1949. From 1950-1970, Bienstock was general manager, editor, and vice president of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. In 1970, he served as the first executive editor of the New York Jewish Week. Bienstock retired in 1975 and wrote a syndicated weekly column for national Jewish newspapers. He passed away on August 28, 1987.

    Physical Details

    6 boxes
    3 oversize boxes
    1 book enclosure
    System of Arrangement
    The Victor Bienstock papers are arranged into eight series.

    Series 1: Travel documents, 1941-1946
    Series 2: Financial materials, 1943
    Series 3: Diaries, Notebooks, and Day Calendars, 1938-1946
    Series 4: Correspondence, 1938-1945
    Series 5: Manuscripts, 1938-1975
    Series 6: Photographs, circa 1941-1945
    Series 7: Printed materials, circa 1935-1949
    Series 8: Ephemera, circa 1943-1946

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Backer, George. Bartlett, Vernon, 1894-1983. Baum, Karl. Ben-Gurion, David, 1886-1973. Bienstock, Victor, 1908-1987. Blumenfeld, Kurt, 1884-1963. Brodetsky, Selig, 1888-1954. Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965. Citron, William M., 1896-1976. Cockburn, Claud, 1904-1981. Cohen, Hannah. Cohen, Lionel. Cohen, Robert Waley. Cooper, Duff, 1890-1954. de Rothschild, Anthony Gustav, 1887-1961. Deutsch, Oscar, 1893-1941. Dodd, William Edward, 1869-1940. Ellison, Jerome. Engel, Leonard, 1916-1964. Feldman, Israel. Frank, Pat. Fyfe, Hamilton, 1869-1951. Goldman, Nahum, 1895-1982. Graebner, Walt. Gunther, John, 1901-1970. Harsch, Joseph C., 1905-1998. Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945. Hore-Belisha, Leslie, 1893-1957. Hurwitz, Henry. Kelley, Frank. Kennedy, Joseph P., 1888-1969. Kuh, Frederick, 1896-1978. Landau, Ida. Landau, Jacob M. Laski, Neville, 1890-1969. Levy, Henry W. Lourie, Arthur. Mihailović, Draža, 1893-1945. Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945. Nashashibi, Fakhri Bey. Norman, Edward. Orbach, Maurice, 1902-1979. Perlzweig, M. L. Post, Robert, 1910-1943. Poulos, Connie. Powell, Richard P. Proskauer, Joseph M. Reed, Douglas, 1895-1976. Reith, John, 1889-1971. Rodman, Sumner. Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945. Rothschild, Julia. Schwarz, Leopold. Sokolow, Celina. Sokolow, Florian. Stanley, Oliver, 1896-1950. Stone, Earl S. Stoneman, William, 1904-1987. Swaffer, Hannen, 1879-1962. Swope, Herbert Bayard, 1882-1958. Szapiro, Jerzy, ?-1962. Thompson, Charles H. Thompson, Dorothy, 1893-1961. Troper, Morris. Van Zeeland, Paul, 1893-1973. Weizmann, Chaim. Welles, Sumner, 1892-1961. Wishengrad, Hyman, 1903-? Zeitlyn, Elsley.

    Administrative Notes

    Susan Bienstock Burke donated her father's papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    The accessibility of this collection was made possible by the generous donors to our crowdfunded Save Their Stories campaign.
    Special Collection
    Save Their Stories
    Record last modified:
    2024-04-11 13:18:55
    This page: