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Butter knife owned by a Romanian Jewish family

Object | Accession Number: 2014.490.5

Butter knife owned by Izi Greif’s (née Korn) family. Izi was born in Romancauti, Romania (now Romankivt︠s︡i, Ukraine), but grew up in Piatra Neamț, Romania with her younger brother Hary, and their parents Lisa and Solomon Korn. Izi was in high school when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, starting World War II. Originally, Romania chose to stay neutral in the war. However, in September 1940, a coalition government came to power led by General Ion Antonescu and the Iron Guard, a nationalistic party which promoted violent antisemitism. Following this change in government, Romania officially joined the Axis alliance, and restrictions against Jews began to intensify. The new Romanian government quickly passed regulations forbidding Jews from public education, and Izi was kicked out of school. The Iron Guard and local authorities in Piatra Neamt also terrorized Jews by confiscating the Jewish cemetery, torturing people into giving up their wealth and property, and restricting their movement around town. In August 1944, opposition politicians overthrew Antonescu and signed an armistice with the Soviet Union. Romanian troops then started working with the Allies. Following the ousting of the antisemitic Romanian government and the German military, Izi reenrolled in high school. She graduated in 1945, and moved to Bucharest to study textile engineering. While there she met electro-mechanical engineering student Ignacy Greif, and they married in 1948. In 1973, Izi and Ignacy immigrated to the United States with their daughter, and settled in San Francisco.

Date
manufacture:  1900-1930
Geography
manufacture: Berndorf (Lower Austria, Austria)
manufacture: Solingen (Germany)
use: Romania.
Language
German
Classification
Tools and Equipment
Category
Cutting tools
Object Type
Knives (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Cutlery.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Claudia Greif and Vladimir Brandwajn
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:24:08
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn560507