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Black plastic Star of David badge worn by a German Jewish forced laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2017.193.2

Black plastic Star of David badge worn by Lotte Zagorska (later Charlotte Pogel) while interned in Wolta-Gabersdorf forced labor camp in Libeč, Czechoslovakia, from May 1942 to May 1945. The camp was attached to a cotton mill, and Lotte made the badge from the laborers’ work aprons. Lotte’s family was originally from Breslau, Germany, but had been forced to relocate to Katowice, Poland, in October 1938, following “Aryanization” of the company where her father, Leopold, worked. When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Lotte lived with her family in Jaworzno. In October, Lotte secretly returned to Breslau while her friend Ada Oschinsky tried to get her a British work permit. In July 1940, Lotte returned to Jaworzno, and learned that her father had been arrested in Berlin. In 1941, her father was released and returned to serve on a forced labor detail. In May 1942, Lotte was transported to Sosnowitz transit camp and then deported to Wolta-Gabersdorf. Lotte worked on the factory floor before being moved into the office to work with her friends Herta and Ruth Michaelis. In March 1944, the factory became a sub-camp of Gross-Rosen Concentration camp. On May 9, 1945, 2 days after Germany’s surrender, Wolta-Gabersdorf was liberated by Soviet forces. Lotte worked in England for 6 months before immigrating to the United States. She later learned that her mother had likely been killed at Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942, and that her father had died in Markstädt forced labor camp in 1944.

use:  1942 May-1944 March
use: Gabersdorf (Concentration camp); Libeč (Trutnov, Czech Republic)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Deborah Pogel
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:16:23
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