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Triangular, tri-color badge with number 21968 worn by a German Jewish forced laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2017.193.5

Triangular, tri-color, cloth badge stamped with prisoner number, 21968, worn by Lotte Zagorska (later Charlotte Pogel) while interned in Wolta-Gabersdorf forced labor camp in Libeč, Czechoslovakia, from May 1942 to May 1945. She was issued the number in March 1944, when the camp became a sub-camp of Gross-Rosen Concentration camp. As a worker in a cotton spinning factory, she likely made the badge. Lotte’s family was originally from Breslau, Germany, but had been forced to relocate to Katowice, Poland, in October 1938, following “Aryanization” of the company where her father, Leopold, worked. When Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Lotte lived with her family in Jaworzno. In October, Lotte secretly returned to Breslau while her friend Ada Oschinsky tried to get her a British work permit. In July 1940, Lotte returned to Jaworzno, and learned that her father had been arrested in Berlin. In 1941, her father was released and returned to serve on a forced labor detail. In May 1942, Lotte was transported to Sosnowitz transit camp and then deported to Wolta-Gabersdorf. Lotte worked on the factory floor before being moved into the office to work with her friends Herta and Ruth Michaelis. On May 9, 1945, 2 days after Germany’s surrender, Wolta-Gabersdorf was liberated by Soviet forces. Lotte worked in England for 6 months before immigrating to the United States. She later learned that her mother had likely been killed at Auschwitz concentration camp in 1942, and that her father had died in Markstädt forced labor camp in 1944.

Date
1944 March-1945 May 09  (use)
Geography
use : Gabersdorf (Concentration camp); Libeč (Trutnov, Czech Republic)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Deborah Pogel
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Record last modified: 2018-11-15 14:29:20
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn561849