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Brick from a factory in Kőszeg, Hungary

Object | Accession Number: 2017.359.6

Brick from a brick factory in Kőszeg, Hungary. Jewish residency in the town began in the 14th century and continued for five hundred years. From 1919 to 1921, Jews in Kőszeg and throughout Hungary were targeted by the White Terror pogroms for their perceived association with communism. Leading up to World War II, the Jewish population in the town was approximately 100 people. In December 1940, a forced labor camp was established with Jewish and non-Jewish workers at a brick field and an old brewery in the town. The camp housed eight thousand laborers who were forced to march 10 kilometers to and from work. They worked 10 hour days, 7 days a week, with only a daily ration of 17 ounces of bread. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary and the Jews of Kőszeg along with other Jews from the surrounding area were confined to a small ghetto in the town. On July 4, the remaining Kőszeg Jews were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German occupied Poland. In March 1945, the Germans liquidated the labor camp. As part of the liquidation, 95 sick laborers were locked in a sealed barrack and gassed to death on the property of Kőszeg Varosi Teglagyàr (Kőszeg Urban Brickworks), one of two brick factories in the town. In 1985, a park and a memorial were erected on the former property of the brick factory where the execution took place.

Date
manufacture:  approximately 1850-2015
Geography
manufacture: Kőszeg (Hungary)
Classification
Materials
Object Type
Bricks (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Bricks.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Municipality of Köszeg
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn564944