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Star of David badge with Jude worn by a Jewish Czech woman

Object | Accession Number: 1992.132.2

Star of David badge worn by Elisabeth (Liese) Trausel in German occupied Prague following the September 1, 1941 order requiring Jews in Czechoslovakia to wear the Yellow Star of David badge at all times. The badge has pins sewn in to allow for easy removal from clothing so as to not be identified as a Jew. This allowed Liese to partake in actions that were prohibited for Jews such as crossing streets which were not open to Jews or taking trips by street car. Prague was invaded in March 1939, by Germany and made part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The authorities passed new anti-Jewish regulations that severely restricted Liese’s daily life. In September, Germany invaded neighboring Poland. In September 1941, Reinhard Heydrich became Reich Protector and soon there were almost daily deportations of Jews to concentration camps. Liese was married to a non-Jewish man and her daughters were considered half-Jewish, which exempted all three women from being transported. On December 13, 1942, Liese’s father Josef Polacek was facing deportation and instead committed suicide. In June and December 1943, many of the exemptions protecting particular groups were waived and more Jews were transported. On September 1, 1944, Liese was assigned to do compulsory work. Later that fall, she was transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp north of Prague. In April 1945, Hana was in the hospital and Eva was assigned to a compulsory work detail. Theresienstadt was taken over by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945. The war ended 5 days later when Germany surrendered. Liese returned to Prague. Many of her relatives and friends were killed in German concentration camps.

use:  1941 September 01-1945 May 08
use: Prague (Czech Republic)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Hana Rehakova
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:21:48
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