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Permit to be out past curfew issued to a Jewish Czech woman

Object | Accession Number: 1992.132.4

Special pass issued to Elisabeth (Liese) Trausel by the Jewish Council of Prague granting her permission to be out on the streets before curfew expired on September 1, 1944. Liese was assigned to work as a mica splitter and in order to arrive on time she needed to leave before curfew ended. Prague was invaded in March 1939, by Germany and made part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The authorities passed new anti-Jewish regulations that severely restricted Liese’s daily life. In September, Germany invaded neighboring Poland. In September 1941, Liese was required to wear a yellow Star of David badge at all times to identify herself as Jewish. Later that month, Reinhard Heydrich became Reich Protector and soon there were almost daily deportations of Jews to concentration camps. Liese was married to a non-Jewish man and her daughters were considered half-Jewish, which exempted all three women from being transported. On December 13, 1942, Liese’s father Josef Polacek was facing deportation and instead committed suicide. In June and December 1943, many of the exemptions protecting particular groups were waived and more Jews were transported. On September 1, 1944, Liese was assigned to do compulsory work. Later that fall, she was transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp north of Prague. In April 1945, Hana was in the hospital and Eva was assigned to a compulsory work detail. Theresienstadt was taken over by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945. The war ended 5 days later when Germany surrendered. Liese returned to Prague. Many of her relatives and friends were killed in German concentration camps.

Date
1944 August 31  (issue)
1944 September 01  (use)
Geography
use : Prague (Czech Republic)
Language
German
Classification
Information Forms
Category
Permits
Object Type
Safe conducts (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Hana Rehakova
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:07:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn5878