Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Austrian 10,000 Kronen banknote owned by a Viennese Jewish refugee family

Object | Accession Number: 2017.517.3

Kronen banknote owned by the Appenzeller family in Vienna, Austria before their emigration in 1939. The kronen was the official currency of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1892 until its dissolution in 1918. The banknotes were printed on the front in Hungarian and in German on the reverse, and the value was written out in eight additional languages. After the breakup of Austria-Hungary, the banknotes remained in circulation among the various countries, but were overstamped for use in individual countries. This kronen is printed in German on both sides and has an overstamp that indicates the bill was valid only in Austria. Erna Appenzeller was a young girl living in Austria with her parents, when it was annexed by Germany on March 13, 1938. German authorities quickly created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. The school that Erna attended was shut down, members of the Jewish community were arrested, and her father’s business was taken and Arayanized. In August 1939, Erna’s family acquired visas and were able to go to Milan, Italy. On June 10, 1940, Italy entered World War II and the Nazis demanded that Italy intern or deport its Jewish refugees to Germany. Erna’s father received a travel visa to Panama which allowed him to get a visa for Spain and Portugal. The family went to Rome and flew to Barcelona, and then took a train to Lisbon arriving on November 3, 1940. On June 6, 1941, Erna and her family received American visas. On June 12 they boarded the SS Serpa Pinto bound for the United States and arrived in New York on June 22. Most members of Erna’s family were able to immigrate to Britain, France, Palestine and the United States, however several were deported and murdered in German occupied Poland.

issue:  1918 November 02
use:  1919 March 12-1925
distribution: Austria
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ernie A. Kent
Record last modified: 2022-05-25 08:38:20
This page: