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Metric wooden ruler owned by a young Austrian Jewish refugee girl

Object | Accession Number: 2017.517.2

Metric, wooden ruler used by Erna Appenzeller in her Montessori school in Vienna, Austria, while in fourth grade. Erna was a young girl living with her parents in Austria, when the country was annexed by Germany on March 13, 1938. German authorities quickly created new legislation that restricted Jewish life. The school that Erna attended was shut down, members of the Jewish community were arrested, and her father’s business was taken and Arayanized. In August 1939, Erna’s parents acquired visas and were able to go to Milan, Italy. On June 10, 1940, Italy entered World War II as a German ally and the Nazis demanded that Italy intern or deport its Jewish refugees to Germany. Erna’s father received a travel visa to Panama which allowed him to get a visa for Spain and Portugal. The family went to Rome where they flew to Barcelona, and then took a train to Lisbon, arriving on November 3. On June 6, 1941, Erna and her family received American visas. On June 12 they boarded the SS Serpa Pinto bound for the United States and arrived in New York on June 22. Most members of Erna’s family were able to immigrate to Britain, France, Palestine and the United States, however several were deported and murdered in German occupied Poland.

use:  approximately 1938
use: Vienna (Austria)
Tools and Equipment
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ernie A. Kent
Record last modified: 2022-05-25 08:45:38
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