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Oral history interview with Eva Cohn

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.553.5 | RG Number: RG-50.998.0005

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Eva Cohn, born in 1929 (some of her personal documents say 1927 because she had previously decided to pretend to be two years older to work), describes growing up in Kal, Hungary; her father, who exported fruit and vegetables; her parents, Samuel and Ethel Kallus; her three brothers (Bela, Miklos, and Tibor) and three sisters; living a traditional Jewish life in a small rural community; her brothers having to all enroll in the Hungarian Army in 1943 and carrying out forced labor behind the German lines at the Russian front (all three survived the war); the move of her two oldest sisters, Jolan and Ersebet, to Budapest in the spring of 1944 (Ersebet died in Bergen-Belsen and Jolan survived); being deported to Auschwitz with her parents and her youngest sister, Mira; being the only one chosen for work, while the others were murdered immediately upon arrival; living in the children's barrack for three months; being transferred to slave labor in a factory in northern Germany; working to assemble radio transmitters; the evacuation of the factory into a salt mine; being liberated in spring 1945; going to Denmark with one of the White Red Cross buses; going to Malmö and then to Osby; being quarantined with a hundred other girls for about a month; Hungary's ambassador to Sweden recruiting a famous, former dancer Bea Lajtai to help the girls with the Swedish language; befriending Bea Lajtai; getting married in 1948 to Franz Cohn; studying various subjects and taking student exams; identifying as Swedish; going to the synagogue for holidays; and the importance to her of having a daughter.

Interviewee
Eva Cohn
Interviewer
Carolyn Östberg
Date
2017 April 24  (interview)
Geography
creation : Stockholm (Sweden)
Language
Swedish
Extent
1 digital file : MP4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-06-27 15:09:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn594412