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Oral history interview with Ester Grynwald Rytz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.553.6 | RG Number: RG-50.998.0006

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ester Rytz (née Grynwald), born in 1927 in Lodz, Poland, describes her family, including her five siblings; her family being forced to move to the Lodz ghetto in 1940; living with sixteen people in a small apartment; her work making German uniforms; being deported to Auschwitz with her sister, brother-in-law, and little brother; being separated from her brother-in-law and little brother; being sent with her sister to a labor camp; eventually being sent to Bergen-Belsen; being liberated from the camp by British troops in April 1945, at which time she was near death; remaining in the camp for a few months; being transported to Lübeck, Germany, where she was received by the Red Cross; being sent on the ship "Rönnskär"; arriving in Malmö, Sweden on July 11, 1945 with her eleven-year-old sister; gathering at the Linnaeus School for three weeks; the reactions they received from people in Sweden, who were shocked by their physical states; her work in Uddevalla, Sweden as a seamstress; living in a hotel with other survivors and receiving coupons to eat at restaurants; moving to Borås, Sweden after her older sister moved there; working with women's clothing along with other survivors; working for Algot for a short while and then Oscar Jacobsson; getting married in the 1950s to Léon Rytz; starting her own design company; visiting Israel and feeling at home there; telling her children about her experiences during the Holocaust; attending synagogue and celebrating Jewish holidays; the importance of her Jewish identity to her; returning to Lodz once and not enjoying the trip; and her reflections on what is happening in contemporary Sweden.

Interviewee
Ester Grynwald Rytz
Interviewer
Carolyn Östberg
Date
2017 April 26  (interview)
Geography
creation : Stockholm (Sweden)
Language
Swedish
Extent
1 digital file : MP4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-06-27 15:09:43
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn594413