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Oral history interview with Ester Grynwald Rytz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2017.553.6 | RG Number: RG-50.998.0006

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    Oral history interview with Ester Grynwald Rytz


    Interview Summary
    Ester Rytz (née Grynwald), born in 1927 in Łódź, Poland, describes her family, including her five siblings; her family being forced to move to the Łódź ghetto in 1940; living with sixteen people in a small apartment; her work making German uniforms; being deported to Auschwitz with her sister, brother-in-law, and little brother; being separated from her brother-in-law and little brother; being sent with her sister to a labor camp; eventually being sent to Bergen-Belsen; being liberated from the camp by British troops in April 1945, at which time she was near death; remaining in the camp for a few months; being transported to Lübeck, Germany, where she was received by the Red Cross; being sent on the ship "Rönnskär"; arriving in Malmö, Sweden on July 11, 1945 with her eleven-year-old sister; gathering at the Linnaeus School for three weeks; the reactions they received from people in Sweden, who were shocked by their physical states; her work in Uddevalla, Sweden as a seamstress; living in a hotel with other survivors and receiving coupons to eat at restaurants; moving to Borås, Sweden after her older sister moved there; working with women's clothing along with other survivors; working for Algot for a short while and then Oscar Jacobsson; getting married in the 1950s to Léon Rytz; starting her own design company; visiting Israel and feeling at home there; telling her children about her experiences during the Holocaust; attending synagogue and celebrating Jewish holidays; the importance of her Jewish identity to her; returning to Łódź once and not enjoying the trip; and her reflections on what is happening in contemporary Sweden.
    Ester Grynwald Rytz
    Carolyn Östberg
    interview:  2017 April 26
    creation: Stockholm (Sweden)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    1 digital file : MP4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Rytz, Ester Grynwald.

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:41:30
    This page:

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