Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Spain Today

Object | Accession Number: 2015.609.4

Anti-fascist charcoal drawing by Harold Lehman depicting a Spanish Civil War soldier lying face down in hilly terrain with his rifle and helmet strewn before him. Looming behind him are three caricatured heads, likely Adolf Hitler, Francisco Franco, and Benito Mussolini. Both Hitler and Mussolini offered aid to Franco and his fascist forces during the Spanish Civil War. Floating overhead is the saying “No Pasarán” which translates to “they shall not pass.” This was a slogan used by Spanish Communist leader Dolores Ibárruri during the Siege of Madrid. With the combination of the soldier, the phrase and the faces, Lehman is saying that free people would die rather than let the fascists win. The woman and child on the left are symbols of what they are fighting for. An award winning painter, muralist and sculptor, Harold Lehman was known for making political statements with his artwork. He was born and raised in New York City, but moved to Los Angeles as a teenager, attending the Otis Art Institute. While in L.A. he worked with Phil Guston, Jackson Pollock, D.A. Siqueiros, and Manuel Tolegain. In 1941, Harold moved back to New York and continued his career, working with the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) and the Federal Art Project, both New Deal programs to employ artists. He also worked with the Treasury department and Abbott Laboratories to create War Bond advertisements, pro-American propaganda, and anti-fascist pieces.

creation:  1936-1939
creation: New York (N.Y.)
Object Type
Drawing (lcsh)
Charcoal drawing.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Lehman Trager
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:09:43
This page: