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Charcoal drawing of a soldier face down on the ground with caricatured faces behind him

Object | Accession Number: 2015.609.4

Anti-fascist charcoal drawing by Harold Lehman depicting a Spanish Civil War soldier lying face down in hilly terrain with his rifle and helmet strewn before him. Looming behind him are three caricatured heads, likely Adolf Hitler, Francisco Franco, and Benito Mussolini. Both Hitler and Mussolini offered aid to Franco and his fascist forces during the Spanish Civil War. Floating overhead is the saying “No Pasarán” which translates to “they shall not pass.” This was a slogan used by Spanish Communist leader Dolores Ibárruri during the Siege of Madrid. With the combination of the soldier, the phrase and the faces, Lehman is saying that free people would die rather than let the fascists win. The woman and child on the left are symbols of what they are fighting for. An award winning painter, muralist and sculptor, Harold Lehman was known for making political statements with his artwork. He was born and raised in New York City, but moved to Los Angeles as a teenager, attending the Otis Art Institute. While in L.A. he worked with Phil Guston, Jackson Pollock, D.A. Siqueiros, and Manuel Tolegain. In 1941, Harold moved back to New York and continued his career, working with the Public Works of Art Project (PWAP) and the Federal Art Project, both New Deal programs to employ artists. He also worked with the Treasury department and Abbott Laboratories to create War Bond advertisements, pro-American propaganda, and anti-fascist pieces.

Title
Spain Today
Date
1936-1939  (creation)
Geography
creation : New York (N.Y.)
Language
English
Spanish
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Object Type
Drawing (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Charcoal drawing.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Lehman Trager
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Record last modified: 2018-06-07 11:00:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn597114