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Oral history interview with Theodora Klayman

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.999.0340

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Theodora Klayman (née Teodora Rahela Basch), born on January 31, 1938 in Zagreb, Yugoslavia (now in Croatia), discusses her family (her father Salamon owned and operated a small brush manufacturing plant); the Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941 while Teodora and her infant brother (Zdravko) were visiting their extended family in Ludbreg, Croatia; Croatia coming under the control of the Ustaša (a fascist group collaborating with the Nazis); the deportation of her father and mother to the Jasenovac and Stara Gradiska concentration camps, respectively; being sheltered along with Zdravko by their grandparents; staying with their aunt Giza and her Catholic husband Ludva, after most of the Jews were deported; avoiding arrest by taking a train to a nearby town or spending a few days at a time with different neighbors; how in 1943 Giza was denounced, arrested, and deported to Auschwitz; Ludva’s attempts to have Giza released (Giza died from an intestinal illness soon after her arrival in Auschwitz); hiding while Ludva was away with their neighbors and pretending to be their children; how most people in Ludbreg knew the children were Jewish, but they were never denounced; being raised by Ludva after the war; and the death of Zdravko from scarlet fever. [Note: this summary may not reflect the entirety of the interview; it may also contain additional biographical information that is not discussed in the interview.]

Interviewee
Ms. Theodora Klayman
Date
2011 May 31
Geography
creation : Washington (D.C.)
Language
English
Extent
1 digital file.
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Record last modified: 2018-11-29 14:49:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn598453