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Portrait of an Orthodox Jewish youth drawn by Esther Lurie

Object | Accession Number: 1995.A.0989.6

Ink sketch of Rudy, a young Orthodox Jewish man, created by Esther Lurie on March 29, 1962, during the appeal stage of the Adolf Eichmann trial. Eichmann was the SS official who organized the delivery of Jews all over Europe to killing centers and concentration camps. He escaped in 1946 and was captured by Israeli agents in Argentina in 1960. The Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, April 11, 1961- December 15, 1961, was the first detailed, public exploration of the Holocaust. He was charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Many survivors gave testimony and Esther's drawings were introduced as evidence. Eichmann was sentenced on December 15, 1961, to death by hanging. He lost his appeal on May 29 and was hanged midnight, May 31, 1962. Esther, a professionally trained artist, originally from Liepaja, Latvia, settled in Palestine in 1934. She was visiting her sister in Kovno (Kaunus), Lithuania, in summer 1941 when it was occupied by Germany. She was confined to the ghetto and had to create artwork for the Germans. She also, at the request of the Jewish Council, dedicated herself to recording the daily life of the residents. In July 1944, the ghetto was liquidated. Esther was sent to Stutthof concentration camp, where she continued to draw. Her family members were sent to Auschwitz and murdered. In August 1944, she was deported to Leibisch, which was liberated by the Soviet Army on January 21, 1945. During the journey back to Palestine, she lived in a displaced persons camp in Italy, where her drawings of Leibisch were exhibited

Artwork Title
Portrait of Rudy, Day of Eichmann Trial, March 29, 1962
creation:  1962 May 26
creation: Jerusalem
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Esther Lurie
Record last modified: 2023-05-31 06:51:14
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