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Sketches of Eichmann with headphones at trial drawn by Esther Lurie

Object | Accession Number: 1995.A.0989.37

Two similar, small sketches of Adolf Eichmann listening on headphones drawn by Esther Lurie on March 29, 1962, of the Adolf Eichmann trial. Eichmann was the SS official who organized the delivery of Jews all over Europe to killing centers and concentration camps. He escaped in 1946 and was captured by Israeli agents in Argentina in 1960. The Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, April 11, 1961- December 15, 1961, was the first detailed, public exploration of the Holocaust. He was charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Many survivors gave testimony and Esther's drawings were introduced as evidence. Eichmann was sentenced on December 15, 1961, to death by hanging. He lost his appeal on May 29 and was hanged midnight, May 31. Esther, originally from Liepaja, Latvia, settled in Palestine in 1934. She was visiting her sister in Kovno (Kaunus), Lithuania, in summer 1941 when it was occupied by Nazi Germany. She was confined to the ghetto and had to create portraits and paintings for the Germans. She, also, at the request of the Jewish Council, dedicated herself to recording the daily life of the residents. In July 1944, the ghetto was liquidated. Esther was sent to Stutthof concentration camp, where she continued to draw. Her family members were sent to Auschwitz and murdered. In August 1944, Esther was deported to Leibisch, and liberated by the Soviet Army on January 21, 1945. During the journey back to Palestine, she lived in a displaced persons camp in Italy, where an exhibition of her drawings of Leibisch was arranged by a Jewish soldier, Menahem Shemi, and an exhibit catalog was published.

Artwork Title
Adolf Eichmann on Trial, Jerusalem, March 29, 1962
depiction:  1961 April 11-1961 December 15
creation:  1962 March 29-1961 December 15
depiction: Adolf Eichmann trial; Jerusalem
creation: Jerusalem
Object Type
Courtroom art (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Esther Lurie
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:54:22
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