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Medal presented to former inmates of the Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp during the 50th anniversary of its opening

Object | Accession Number: 2018.228.2 a-b

Commemorative medal and box for the children of Terezin, received by Frank and Edith Sim when they attended the 50th anniversary commemoration of the establishment of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in the Czech Republic (previously Czechoslovakia). In October 1991, the Terezin Initiative — an association of former prisoners of the ghetto — organized the 50th anniversary commemoration. In June 1942, Frank and his parents, Rudolf and Fredericka, were forcibly transported from Olomouc, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia There, he was assigned to a work group in the transport department, shoveling coal and unloading supplies that came to the ghetto. Edith, her parents, Josef and Paula, and her brother, Ernst, were forcibly transported to Theresienstadt from Ostrava, Czechoslovakia in September 1942, and she worked for a time in the farm fields, enabling her to steal vegetables for her parents. In December 1943, Edith and her parents were taken to the family camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, and she was later sent on a work detail to Hamburg, Germany, and then Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she was liberated in April 1945. In September 1944, Frank was transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, and then assigned to a work group deported to Meuselwitz, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp system in Germany. In April 1945, Frank escaped a death march from Meuselwitz and Germany surrendered to Allied forces on May 7, ending the war. Both Frank and Edith’s parents and her brother died while imprisoned. Frank’s sister, Helen, survived, having immigrated to England prior to the German occupation in 1939. After liberation, both Edith and Frank eventually settled in Brno, Czechoslovakia, where they met in 1947, and married in February 1948.

Date
commemoration:  1941
received:  1991
Geography
received: Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
Slovak
Hebrew
Latin
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Souvenirs
Genre/Form
Medals.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collection, gift of Susan Kajuch and Pavla Sim
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Record last modified: 2019-04-10 10:15:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn615685