Brass Shabbat lamp and drip tray acquired by a German Jewish woman
after 1907 September 26-before 1939 March 15
Mosbach (Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
use: Saint Louis (Mo.)
Jewish Art and Symbolism
Jewish ceremonial objects
- Object Type
Jewish lamps (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael B. Suessmann
Six pointed star shaped brass Shabbat lamp and drip tray brought to the United States, by Louise Schwarzenberger (later Suessmann) when she emigrated from Germany in 1939. Shabbat is a day reserved for rest and worship, and any form of work is prohibited. The Shabbat lamp is lit every Friday before sunset, usually by a woman in the household, and left burning until the following evening. Louise emigrated from Germany to St. Louis, Missouri, and found work as a hospital attendant. She joined her siblings, Maria, Kathe, and Kurt, as well as their families, who had immigrated in the wake of the 1935 Nuremberg Laws, which severely restricted the political, social, and economic rights of Germany’s Jewish population. Left behind were her parents, Bernhard and Meta Schwarzenberger, who were deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp, where they died in 1943. In late 1940, Louise married Emanuel Suessmann (1910-1978), a storekeeper and gardener from Leipzig, Germany. He had been imprisoned in Germany’s Sachsenhausen concentration camp in the aftermath of the Kristallnacht pogrom in November 1938. Six months after his release, he went to Kitchener camp (also known as Richborough Transit Camp), a refugee camp, organized and funded by the Central British Fund for German Jewry, for a year before immigrating to the United States. In April 1943, Emanuel was drafted by the U.S. Army, and beginning in September 1944 served in Germany with the War Department’s Military Intelligence Division, known as the Ritchie Boys, and was discharged in October 1945.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:22
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn617428
Also in Emanuel and Louise Suessmann family collection
The collection consists of a Shabbat lamp, documents, photographs, and photograph albums relating to the experiences of Emanuel and Louise (Lisl) Schwarzenberger Suessmann in Germany and the United States before, during, and after the Holocaust. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
The Emanuel and Louise Suessmann papers contain biographical materials, correspondence, identification papers, and photographs documenting the Suessmanns, their family members in Leipzig and Maßbach, Charlotte Süssmann’s deportation to Theresienstadt, and Emanuel Suessmann’s service in the Military Intelligence Division in Germany during World War II. Biographical materials include birth certificates, certificates of good conduct, a vaccination certificate, a marriage certificate, a registration of address, photocopies of military certificates, an attestation of valued membership in the Jewish community, a citizenship certificate, and a death certificate for Bernhard and Louise Schwarzenberger and Mechel and Emanuel Suessmann. Correspondence includes two letters and eight postcards from Charlotte Süssmann, first in Leipzig and later in Theresienstadt, to Jeannette Ritter in Switzerland in which she describes her concern for her son and her deportation to Theresienstadt. This file also includes a postcard from Ritter to Emanuel Suessmann in St. Louis relaying Charlotte’s news. Identification papers include a passport and identification card for Louise Schwarzenberger and a driver’s license and postal identification card for Emanuel Suessmann. Photographs include a picture of Emanuel Suessmann in uniform at Camp Ritchie in March 1945, three photographs of war damage in Mainz, Bad Munster, and Bad Kreuznach in July 1945, a picture of Max Süssmann’s gravestone, and a Polaroid of a Shabbos lamp.
Contains two photograph albums brought by Emanuel and Lisl when they immigrated separately to the United States in 1938 and 1940, respectively