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Czechoslovakian postage stamp, 40 haléř, acquired by a former American internee

Object | Accession Number: 2018.426.14

Commemorative postage stamp of Hungarian astronomer, Maximilian Hell, issued in Czechoslovakia in 1970 on the 250th anniversary of Hell’s birth and acquired by Leonie Roualet. The stamp depicts Hell on his scientific expedition in Norway to establish the distance between the earth and the sun. Leonie was born in New York to Leonie Calmesse and Henry Charles Roualet, French champagne vintners who had immigrated to the United States in the 1890s. In the 1930s, Leonie’s mother returned to France to take care of her ailing brother. While caring for her brother, she too became sick, and in 1939 Leonie traveled to France to take care of her mother and her uncle. In May 1940, Germany invaded France and occupied the northern half of the country. On September 24, 1942, the Gestapo arrested Leonie as an enemy alien and sent her to a prison in Châlons. From there she was transferred to Frontstalag 194 in the Vittel internment camp. She remained there for two years until the camp was liberated by Free French forces on September 12, 1944. Immediately following liberation, Leonie worked for the Red Cross and helped establish the first displaced persons (DP) camp in Paris. In December 1945, Leonie returned to the United States, accompanying a convoy of refugees at the request of the American Embassy. She settled in Cleveland, becoming director of the diocesan Catholic Resettlement Council, and helping resettle thousands of refugees from wars and political strife around the world.

Date
issue:  1970 February 17
Geography
issue: Czech Republic.
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Postage stamps
Genre/Form
Postage stamps.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mark Roualet
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:25:18
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn628052