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Czechoslovakian postage stamp, 1 koruna, acquired by a former American internee

Object | Accession Number: 2018.426.15

Commemorative postage stamp of Czechoslovakian President, Ludvík Svoboda, issued in 1970 and acquired by Leonie Roualet. Svoboda served as president from 1968-1975, and was regarded as a national hero for his military service in both World Wars. Leonie was born in New York to Leonie Calmesse and Henry Charles Roualet, French champagne vintners who had immigrated to the United States in the 1890s. In the 1930s, Leonie’s mother returned to France to take care of her ailing brother. While caring for her brother, she too became sick, and in 1939 Leonie traveled to France to take care of her mother and her uncle. In May 1940, Germany invaded France and occupied the northern half of the country. On September 24, 1942, the Gestapo arrested Leonie as an enemy alien and sent her to a prison in Châlons. From there she was transferred to Frontstalag 194 in the Vittel internment camp. She remained there for two years until the camp was liberated by Free French forces on September 12, 1944. Immediately following liberation, Leonie worked for the Red Cross and helped establish the first displaced persons (DP) camp in Paris. In December 1945, Leonie returned to the United States, accompanying a convoy of refugees at the request of the American Embassy. She settled in Cleveland, becoming director of the diocesan Catholic Resettlement Council, and helping resettle thousands of refugees from wars and political strife around the world.

issue:  1970 February 16
issue: Czech Republic.
Exchange Media
Postage stamps
Postage stamps.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mark Roualet
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:25:18
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